Is, mechanotransduction, fat energy metabolism, along with regulation of mineralization [126]. As illustrated in Figure 4, IDPs also interact with HA, as reported by our group, for DPP [79] and OPN [13] and by the Clarkson's group for DSP and DPP interacting with enamel crystals [127]. To date, in addition to the studies mentioned above, atomistic modeling has suggested ways in which IDPs regulate